Causes and Treatment of Teeth Grinding (Bruxism)
Bruxism (teeth grinding); is a parafunctional habit that manifests itself with strong jaw movements that usually occur during sleep. Apart from the chewing and swallowing functions, there should be no contact between the teeth in the upper and lower jaw. In addition, the problem of jaw clenching or teeth grinding (bruxism) caused by intense stress or depression in our normal lives can turn into a chronic disease if not treated.
First of all, problems of jaw joints do not occur in one day, they slowly increase over time, so treatment cannot be done in one day. In addition, healing in jaw joints will take time, therefore patients should not forget to be patient. In acute muscle spasms, use of muscle relaxant and hot water therapy helps relieving patients, but they do not completely remove the reason of disturbance.
If the patient continues clenching their jaw and grinding their teeth, the problem will continue as well. For this reason, the most important point to be considered in treatment is to remove the factors that trigger the tooth clenching. Once the existing cause has been removed, the problem will gradually decrease.
Some additional treatments that can be applied with night protectors according to the condition of the disease:
• Stress therapy
• Measures to provide comfortable sleep
• Muscle relaxant drug application
• Refurbishment of wrongly done tooth filling and veneers
• Prosthesis applications to replace missing teeth